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Child Labour is a great concern in many Africa countries, Nigeria inclusive in spite of legislative measures. Child labour eradication has also been recognised as a necessity for the achievement of sustainable development. The paper reviews the factors that influence the use of child labour .The paper which argues that, at the heart of the problematic of the Child Labour is Poverty, also explains the health consequences of child labour in Nigerian children. The paper reveals the various types of child labour, which Nigerian children engaged in. The findings also identified; illiteracy, unemployment , polygamy and others as some of the causes of child labour in Nigeria. This study underscores the need for government at all levels and development stakeholders to mainstream child labour consideration in relevant development and management policies , strategies to effectively tackle child labour and create a pathway for the elimination of child labour.