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This Research Paper is a contribution towards highlighting the underdevelopment challenges in Nigeria by applying Education as a tool. In the present decades, there has been a Paradigm Shift in emphasizing on Sustainable Development and the way it been practised. All over the country, there is evidence of a failed leadership attributed by a dwindling economic, educational, political and social fortune. All these challenges are due to the incapability of the leadership to effectively plan for development and apply the necessary educational tools that can produce great leaders that can control the helms of Government and the private sectoral industries. The paper suggests, among other things, that there must be a re-orientation of the present education at every level to entail skills, principles and the perceptive of sustainable development. Nonformal, formal, informal and casual education for skills, attitude and knowledge for human development and poverty alleviation must be encouraged.