Project Title

The Effect of Health Disparities on the Development of Gestational Diabetes: A Synthesis

Academic department under which the project should be listed

WCHHS - Nursing

Faculty Sponsor Name

Dr. Doreen Wagner

Abstract (300 words maximum)

Background: Gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) is characterized by elevated blood glucose levels during pregnancy. This condition affects pregnant women worldwide; up to 17% of pregnant women develop gestational diabetes. The consequences of gestational diabetes are myriad. For women, they include preeclampsia and problems during delivery. In addition, gestational diabetes can lead to fetal and neonatal loss and various congenital abnormalities and malformations. Purpose: This review aims to observe the extent to which health disparities affect the development of gestational diabetes in pregnant women between the ages of 20 and 40, specifically examining the social determinants such as access to healthcare, poverty, education, nutrition, and obesity and the effect. Methods: Databases used in the literature review were CINHAL, PubMed, Nursing and Allied Health, and Ovid. Keywords to narrow the search included: gestational diabetes, nutrition, obesity, low-income, health disparities, access to care, healthcare, and prenatal care. Inclusion criteria were gestational diabetes populations, healthcare data from 2016 to present, literature in the English language, and pregnancies aged 20-40. Exclusion criteria were literature before 2016, non-pregnant diabetic populations, literature in non-English languages, and pregnant teenage populations. Our goal is to synthesize data representing access to healthcare and anecdotal statements from our population to see where commonalities lie. Discussion: The final analysis is pending and will be shared at the Symposium.

Disciplines

Female Urogenital Diseases and Pregnancy Complications

Project Type

Oral Presentation (15-min time slots)

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The Effect of Health Disparities on the Development of Gestational Diabetes: A Synthesis

Background: Gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) is characterized by elevated blood glucose levels during pregnancy. This condition affects pregnant women worldwide; up to 17% of pregnant women develop gestational diabetes. The consequences of gestational diabetes are myriad. For women, they include preeclampsia and problems during delivery. In addition, gestational diabetes can lead to fetal and neonatal loss and various congenital abnormalities and malformations. Purpose: This review aims to observe the extent to which health disparities affect the development of gestational diabetes in pregnant women between the ages of 20 and 40, specifically examining the social determinants such as access to healthcare, poverty, education, nutrition, and obesity and the effect. Methods: Databases used in the literature review were CINHAL, PubMed, Nursing and Allied Health, and Ovid. Keywords to narrow the search included: gestational diabetes, nutrition, obesity, low-income, health disparities, access to care, healthcare, and prenatal care. Inclusion criteria were gestational diabetes populations, healthcare data from 2016 to present, literature in the English language, and pregnancies aged 20-40. Exclusion criteria were literature before 2016, non-pregnant diabetic populations, literature in non-English languages, and pregnant teenage populations. Our goal is to synthesize data representing access to healthcare and anecdotal statements from our population to see where commonalities lie. Discussion: The final analysis is pending and will be shared at the Symposium.

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