Academic department under which the project should be listed

RCHSS - Psychological Science

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Faculty Sponsor Name

Israel Sanchez-Cardona

Abstract (300 words maximum)

The PERMA model proposes five core elements that enable flourishing and psychological well-being: positive emotions, engagement, relationship, meaning, and achievement. Along with PERMA, psychological capital (PsyCap), a personal resource comprising hope, efficacy, resilience, and optimism, contributes to an individual’s psychological well-being. Our study aims to identify the relationship and contribution of PERMA and PsyCap on satisfaction with life, subjective happiness, and general well-being. We gathered the data from a group of 284 participants living in Puerto Rico through an online questionnaire (76.8% female; MAge=38.06, SD= 13.16; 51.3% married, 87.4 % with a Technical or University degree; 54.7% had not received psychological services before). We conducted a hierarchical multiple regression analysis to identify the relationship between each PERMA element and psychological capital with satisfaction with life, subjective happiness, and general well-being controlling for some demographics (e.g., gender, income, education, previous psychological services). Results show that only engagement (β=.318, p<.05), relationship (β=.181, p=.003), and meaning (β =.267, p=.002) were related to satisfaction with life (R2=.462), and that PsyCap (β =.206, p<.05) explains significant additional variability (R2=.027). Similarly, positive emotions (β =.288, p=.001), engagement (β=.365, p<.05), and relationships (β =.207, p<.05) show significant association with subjective happiness (R2=.478). PsyCap (β =.288, p=.005) explains significant additional variability (R2=.014). Finally, positive emotions (β =.288, p=.005), engagement (β=.288, p=.005) and relationships (β =.288, p=.005) were related to general well-being (R2=.596). PsyCap was not significantly related to general well-being after controlling for demographics and each PERMA element. Consistently, these results show that the stronger predictors of different well-being indicators are positive emotions, engagement, relationship, and meaning and that PsyCap explains additional variability for subjective happiness and satisfaction with life. These findings provide insights for potential intervention strategies that aim to increase satisfaction with life, subjective happiness, and general well-being in this targeted audience.

Disciplines

Health Psychology | Human Factors Psychology | Industrial and Organizational Psychology | Other Psychology | Personality and Social Contexts

Project Type

Oral Presentation (15-min time slots)

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The PERMA Model & Psychological Capital Relationship with Satisfaction with Life, Subjective Happinessn and General Well-Being

The PERMA model proposes five core elements that enable flourishing and psychological well-being: positive emotions, engagement, relationship, meaning, and achievement. Along with PERMA, psychological capital (PsyCap), a personal resource comprising hope, efficacy, resilience, and optimism, contributes to an individual’s psychological well-being. Our study aims to identify the relationship and contribution of PERMA and PsyCap on satisfaction with life, subjective happiness, and general well-being. We gathered the data from a group of 284 participants living in Puerto Rico through an online questionnaire (76.8% female; MAge=38.06, SD= 13.16; 51.3% married, 87.4 % with a Technical or University degree; 54.7% had not received psychological services before). We conducted a hierarchical multiple regression analysis to identify the relationship between each PERMA element and psychological capital with satisfaction with life, subjective happiness, and general well-being controlling for some demographics (e.g., gender, income, education, previous psychological services). Results show that only engagement (β=.318, p<.05), relationship (β=.181, p=.003), and meaning (β =.267, p=.002) were related to satisfaction with life (R2=.462), and that PsyCap (β =.206, p<.05) explains significant additional variability (R2=.027). Similarly, positive emotions (β =.288, p=.001), engagement (β=.365, p<.05), and relationships (β =.207, p<.05) show significant association with subjective happiness (R2=.478). PsyCap (β =.288, p=.005) explains significant additional variability (R2=.014). Finally, positive emotions (β =.288, p=.005), engagement (β=.288, p=.005) and relationships (β =.288, p=.005) were related to general well-being (R2=.596). PsyCap was not significantly related to general well-being after controlling for demographics and each PERMA element. Consistently, these results show that the stronger predictors of different well-being indicators are positive emotions, engagement, relationship, and meaning and that PsyCap explains additional variability for subjective happiness and satisfaction with life. These findings provide insights for potential intervention strategies that aim to increase satisfaction with life, subjective happiness, and general well-being in this targeted audience.

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