Project Title

The Association Between Caffeine and Insulin Sensitivity in Non-Diabetic Young Women

Presenters

Raine MorrisFollow

Faculty Sponsor Name

Katherine Ingram

Additional Faculty

Janeen Amason, Nursing, jamason1@kennesaw.edu

Abstract (300 words maximum)

Introduction:
Insulin sensitivity refers to how the body cells respond to the hormone insulin, and is affected by several factors such as physical activity and body composition. Recent research studies have identified relationships between insulin sensitivity and intake of caffeine, a popular stimulant. While the mechanism by which it affects insulin sensitivity is unknown, there are some studies that show a positive relationship between insulin sensitivity and caffeine intake and others that show a negative relationship. More research is needed to fully identify the association between the two in order to understand the mechanism completely.
Purpose: The purpose of this study is to examine the association between the intake of caffeine and insulin sensitivity.
Methods: 38 non-diabetic women completed the study (Age, 20.7± 2.8 years; BMI27.6 ±3.6). Diet was self-reported using the Automated Self-Administered 24-hour (ASA 24) questionnaire. Matsuda Insulin Sensitivity Index was calculated using the plasma glucose and plasma insulin results from a 2-hour OGTT with blood samples taken at 0, 30, 60, and 90 minutes. SPSS will be used to analyze the relationship between caffeine and insulin sensitivity with correlation and regression statistics.
Results: The results will be presented at the 2020 KSU Symposium of Student Scholars

Project Type

Poster

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The Association Between Caffeine and Insulin Sensitivity in Non-Diabetic Young Women

Introduction:
Insulin sensitivity refers to how the body cells respond to the hormone insulin, and is affected by several factors such as physical activity and body composition. Recent research studies have identified relationships between insulin sensitivity and intake of caffeine, a popular stimulant. While the mechanism by which it affects insulin sensitivity is unknown, there are some studies that show a positive relationship between insulin sensitivity and caffeine intake and others that show a negative relationship. More research is needed to fully identify the association between the two in order to understand the mechanism completely.
Purpose: The purpose of this study is to examine the association between the intake of caffeine and insulin sensitivity.
Methods: 38 non-diabetic women completed the study (Age, 20.7± 2.8 years; BMI27.6 ±3.6). Diet was self-reported using the Automated Self-Administered 24-hour (ASA 24) questionnaire. Matsuda Insulin Sensitivity Index was calculated using the plasma glucose and plasma insulin results from a 2-hour OGTT with blood samples taken at 0, 30, 60, and 90 minutes. SPSS will be used to analyze the relationship between caffeine and insulin sensitivity with correlation and regression statistics.
Results: The results will be presented at the 2020 KSU Symposium of Student Scholars