Project Title

A Systematic Review: The Effects of Exercise Training on Lung Function and Quality of Life in Asthmatic Pediatric Patients

Academic department under which the project should be listed

WCHHS - Nursing

Faculty Sponsor Name

Dr. Jenna Shackleford

Additional Faculty

Dr. Mary Ramos, Nursing, mramos18@kennesaw.edu

Systematic Review

Abstract (300 words maximum)

Abstract

Background: Asthma is a chronic condition characterized by wheezing, shortness of breath, chest tightness, and coughing. Due to the widespread prevalence of asthma in pediatric patients, there is a need to understand the effectiveness of holistic treatment options on quality of life (QOL), including the use of physical activity and respiratory training, for pediatric patients diagnosed with asthma.

Objectives: This systematic review aimed to evaluate the effectiveness of exercise training on lung function and QOL among pediatric patients diagnosed with asthma.

Method: A systematic literature review was conducted using the databases PubMed, The Cochrane Library, and CINAHL to identify eligible studies. Studies were systematically retrieved utilizing a search strategy with specific inclusion and exclusion criteria for studies. After full analysis and appraisal of the research, six studies were included in the final systematic review.

Results: Data were analyzed from pulmonary function tests, questionnaires, anthropometric measurements, and severity of asthmatic symptoms following intervention of exercise training in pediatric patients diagnosed with asthma. Findings suggested improved lung function and QOL for pediatric patients diagnosed with asthma. The quality of evidence varied among the articles used, indicating a need for further research.

Conclusion: The systematic review demonstrates that participation in respiratory training and physical activity strengthens lung function in pediatric patients who are diagnosed with asthma. Overall, studies indicated improved pulmonary function, reduction in airway inflammation, and enhanced QOL.

Keywords: Asthma; Exercise training; Lung function; Physical Activity; Quality of life; Pediatrics

Project Type

Event

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A Systematic Review: The Effects of Exercise Training on Lung Function and Quality of Life in Asthmatic Pediatric Patients

Abstract

Background: Asthma is a chronic condition characterized by wheezing, shortness of breath, chest tightness, and coughing. Due to the widespread prevalence of asthma in pediatric patients, there is a need to understand the effectiveness of holistic treatment options on quality of life (QOL), including the use of physical activity and respiratory training, for pediatric patients diagnosed with asthma.

Objectives: This systematic review aimed to evaluate the effectiveness of exercise training on lung function and QOL among pediatric patients diagnosed with asthma.

Method: A systematic literature review was conducted using the databases PubMed, The Cochrane Library, and CINAHL to identify eligible studies. Studies were systematically retrieved utilizing a search strategy with specific inclusion and exclusion criteria for studies. After full analysis and appraisal of the research, six studies were included in the final systematic review.

Results: Data were analyzed from pulmonary function tests, questionnaires, anthropometric measurements, and severity of asthmatic symptoms following intervention of exercise training in pediatric patients diagnosed with asthma. Findings suggested improved lung function and QOL for pediatric patients diagnosed with asthma. The quality of evidence varied among the articles used, indicating a need for further research.

Conclusion: The systematic review demonstrates that participation in respiratory training and physical activity strengthens lung function in pediatric patients who are diagnosed with asthma. Overall, studies indicated improved pulmonary function, reduction in airway inflammation, and enhanced QOL.

Keywords: Asthma; Exercise training; Lung function; Physical Activity; Quality of life; Pediatrics