Successful Components for Developing an Oncology Nurse Residency Program: An Integrative Review
Date of Completion
Master of Science in Nursing - Educational Leadership
Residency programs for newly licensed registered nurses (NLRNs) have become an integral part of the new nurse’s transition to professional practice, improving resilience and retention of the NLRN. The goal of this integrative review is to highlight concepts and components that have been successfully incorporated into NLRN residencies and provide nursing leaders with actionable guidance to incorporate into facility-based oncology nurse residencies.
An integrative review using Whittemore and Knafl’s approach was conducted in accordance with principles of thematic analysis established by Toronto and Remington.
Eighteen records were included. As few research articles were found addressing the topic, a broader emerging synthesis approach was adopted to include program evaluation articles.
Five themes were identified as integral to successful NLRN residency programs: enculturation, competency validation, professional growth, preceptor support and training, and looping.
Implications for Practice or Research
The paucity of research regarding successful components of oncology nurse residencies offers an opportunity for future research to meet the evolving needs of NLRNs.
These findings reinforce the need for nursing leaders to invest in the transition of NLRNs to professional practice. By intentionally integrating the NLRN into the organization, supporting preceptors, and validating competency, nursing leaders may improve the transition to registered professional nurse.