Abstract: The current development of extractive megaprojects in Latin American countries has had a significant impact on their societies and environments. This research addresses the issue of the impacts of extractive agricultural megaprojects on the environment, society and the economy, specifically the case of a pig farm in the community of Yaxhá, located in the municipality of Muna, Yucatán. The identified impacts are mainly attributed to the lack of strong and committed political institutions, lax environmental legislation, and the absence of an operating system, which facilitates human rights violations related to the environment, society, and access to information. In this study, various ethnographic and quantitative methods are employed, emphasizing the relevance and justification of such an approach in the context of the Yaxha community. In addition, the research uses the framework of conflict theory to analyze the situation from another perspective. A key human rights issue identified is the lack of prior consultation and informed consent of the community on the implementation of megaprojects in their territory. This gap, particularly with regard to the rights of indigenous peoples, is evident in the limited participation of community members in decision-making processes that impact their environment and way of life. The failure to uphold the right to consultation has led to social conflicts and a decline in trust within the Yaxha community, as evidenced by the limited promotion of community participation and freedom of expression. Megaprojects have generated internal divisions, pitting supporters and opponents against each other and eroding community cohesion. The findings underscore the need for stronger political institutions, stronger environmental regulations, and even decision-making processes to safeguard human rights and foster sustainable development in communities affected by extractive agricultural megaprojects.



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