Development and Validation of a Scale Measuring Attitudes Toward Smoking
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The authors developed the Smoking Attitudes Scale (SAS) and administered it to 2 samples of U.S. students who were smokers or nonsmokers. Exploratory and confirmatory factor analysis with LISREL (K. G. Joreskog & D. Sorbom, 1989) methodology revealed that the SAS consists of 4 factors. The overall instrument possesses good internal consistency and adequate construct validity as well.
Shore, Ted H., Armen Tashchian, and Janet S. Adams. "Development and Validation of a Scale Measuring Attitudes Toward Smoking." Journal of Social Psychology 140.5 (2000): 615-623.