Date of Award

Summer 7-29-2015

Track

Biochemistry

Degree Type

Thesis

Degree Name

Master of Science in Chemical Sciences (MSCB)

Department

Chemistry

Committee Chair

Dr. Michael Van Dyke

Committee Member

Dr. Daniela Tapu

Committee Member

Dr. Carol Chrestensen

Abstract

We have modified the combinatorial selection method Restriction Endonuclease Protection and Selection Assay (REPSA) to work in high temperature conditions for the discovery of new DNA-binding proteins in thermophiles (HT-REPSA). We utilized Thermus thermophilus (HB-8/ATCC 27634/DSM 579) as a test organism due to its amenable nature in a laboratory setting and current status as a model thermophilic organism. We used a TetR Family (TFR) transcription factor SbtR as the model protein for optimization of HT-REPSA protocols, as data had previously been obtained regarding SbtR physical characteristics and DNA-binding properties. REPSA was conducted until a cleavage resistant species arose after 7 rounds. Massively parallel sequencing of the selected DNAs and bioinformatics analysis yielded a consensus binding sequence of 5'-GA(t/c)TGACC(c/a)GC(t/g)GGTCA(g/a)TC, a 20base pair palindromic site comparable to that described in the literature. Taken together, our data provide a proof-of-concept that HT-REPSA can be successfully used to identify the preferred DNA-binding sequences of transcription factors from extreme thermophilic organisms.

Available for download on Saturday, July 29, 2017

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