Wusu Conteh

Publication Date



The African Mining Vision has engendered the introduction of mandatory community development agreement (CDA) into the legal framework of some countries in Africa. In 2009, Sierra Leone enacted the Mines and Minerals Act that obligates mining companies to invest in host communities. The study focuses on the Sierra Rutile CDA program's case in Sierra Leone. Extant scholarly works have largely explored the resource curse and voluntary corporate social responsibility. There are limited studies to unravel the new mandatory community development agreement. Thus, the purpose of this study was to examine the CDA in Sierra Leone. The results show that the CDA has engendered a consistent fund for community development. It has also empowered ordinary members of the community to determine the development program. However, it has created a new ground for contestations between the pre-existing local governance structure (traditional authority) and the newly created community development committee (CDC).