Medical image analysis and classification, using machine learning, particularly Convolutional Neural Networks, have demonstrated a great deal of success. Research into mammography image classification tended to focus on either binary outcome (malignancy or benign) or nominal (unordered) classification for multiclass labels . The industry standard metric for radiologist’s classification of mammography images is a rating scale called BI-RADS (Breast Imaging Reporting and Data System), where values 1 through 5 are a distinct progression of assessment that are intended to denote higher risk of a malignancy, based on the characteristics of anomalies within an image . The development of a classifier that predicts BI-RADS 1-5, would provide radiologists with an objective second opinion on image anomalies. In this paper, we applied a novel Deep Learning method called OHPLall (Ordinal Hyperplane Loss - all centroids), which was specifically designed for data with ordinal classes, to the predictions of BI-RADS scales on mammography images. Our experimental study demonstrated promising results generated by OHPLall and great potential of using OHPLall models as a supplemental diagnostic tool.
Vanderheyden, Bob and Xie, Ying, "Mammography Image BI-RADS Classification Using OHPLall" (2020). OHPL Publications. 2.