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Virtue, then, is a state of character concerned with choice, lying in a mean, i.e. the mean relative to us, this being determined by a rational principle, and by that principle by which the man of practical wisdom would determine it. Now it is a mean between two vices, that which depends on excess and that which depends on defect; and again it is a mean because the vices respectively fall short of or exceed what is right in both passions and actions, while virtue both finds and chooses that which is intermediate. Hence in respect of its substance and the definition which states its essence virtue is a mean, with regard to what is best and right an extreme. Aristotle, Nicomachean Ethics, Book II Chapter objectives: At the end of this chapter, students will be able to 1. Define ethics. 2. Analyze a situation with regard to utility, rights, justice, and caring. 3. Explain the importance of ethical behavior. 4. Explain copyright law, why it is important, and how to make ethical decisions regarding it. 5. Explain how to ethically analyze data. 6. Explain how biases can lead to unethical decisions/behavior in technical commuication.

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