Date of Completion

Fall 11-29-2023

Project Type

Integrative Review

Degree Name

Parkinson's Disease



Committee Chair/First Advisor

Dr. Mary Ramos


This integrative review aimed to explore the effects of boxing exercises on the quality of life (QOL) of people with Parkinson’s Disease (PwP). Boxing exercise programs are popular in the Parkinson’s Disease (PD) community. Decreasing motor symptoms tends to be a primary focus in exercise and PwP. However, non-motor symptoms are a side effect of PD that varies amongst individuals and can impact QOL. Understanding the effects of boxing, especially on non-motor QOL, can support practitioners when prescribing specific exercise modalities for PwP. An integrative review with the search of PUBMED, CINAHL, and MEDLINE was performed, and the methodology of Whittemore and Knafl guided the review: ten studies were included. The review found that the available literature was limited; however, there is a commonality in several articles that the patients reported an overall better quality of life, and participation in a community exercise program, specifically for PwP, was a contributing factor. More research is needed, and more extensive studies that represent a broader population of PwP would enable the findings to apply to the community.