Date of Completion
Master of Science in Nursing - Educational Leadership
Dr. Jane Brannan
Adolescence is a time of swift change physically, psychologically, and socially. A severe onset of diabetes and the life-long treatment required can cause significant changes for adolescents integrating this chronic illness into their identity. This study examined the current literature surrounding self-esteem in the newly diagnosed adolescent with diabetes, the quality of evidence, and the knowledge gaps addressing the social and personal challenges of advancing through life with this illness. A systematic search contained articles between 2010-2020. Key search terms included adolescents, diabetes type 1, behavioral approaches, emotional health interventions, self-esteem, self-worth, self-image, psychological, psychosocial, coping, stress, and resilience. To provide a clearer perception on which behavioral approaches have improved the self-esteem, worth, and one's image of newly diagnosed diabetic adolescents, Whittemore and Knafl's (2005) integrative approach was used to conduct this review. The findings indicated a relationship between diabetic adolescent's self-esteem, self-care, and glycemic control. Healthcare providers need to have a greater understanding of illness-specific challenges that may negatively affect an adolescent's self-esteem and compliance with the complex, daunting treatment regimen.
Keywords: adolescents, diabetes type 1, behavioral approaches, emotional health interventions, self-esteem, self-worth, self-image, psychological, psychosocial, coping, stress, and resilience