Through the rise and fall of empires, Italy and its people experienced many changes. The Apennine peninsula has been under the control and influence of many different cultures and kingdoms. One of the greatest impacts is in the language. Italian, as it is known around the world, has very diverse origins. The unified Italian language known as Italian standard introduced by Dante Alighieri, promoted by literature, supported by fascism and spread by newspapers, television and radio is much different than the numerous dialects spoken two hundred years ago. This essay describes the beginnings of the Italian language, but also investigates the adaptations that were introduced in it throughout time and its most potent influences, especially the recent additions because of globalization and the influence of English.