This analysis examines the role of civil society organizations in the public policy process in Tajikistan. It begins with an examination of the emergence of civil society organizations (CSOs) in Tajikistan as a consequence of the government’s failure to address citizens’ needs, and its impact in resolving the socially significant problems in the post-conflict Tajikistan. This is followed by an exploration of the current political situation and the contextual policy environment in which CSOs must operate in order to exist. The article concludes that despite restrictions in their operations, CSOs not only advocate for new policies, they actively participate in the policy process by mobilizing and involving citizens in civic engagement.