Date of Submission
Doctor of Philosophy in International Conflict Management (Ph.D. INCM)
Dr. Volker Franke
Dr. Tyler Collette
Dr. Darina Lepadatu
Dr. Hrair Balian
With these four shocks – the financial collapse, the October 2019 uprising, the COVID pandemic and the Beirut Port explosion on August 4, 2020 – striking almost simultaneously, Lebanon’s socioeconomic and political situation is at high risk for conflict. Growing sectarian tensions, extreme poverty, and skyrocketing unemployment rates, all form fertile ground for conflict. Using survey methodology, this dissertation examines the hopes, fears, social dominance orientation, and social cohesion among members of different sectarian groups to find out how they feel in light of the four shocks and whether there is a propensity for conflict or even another civil war. Focusing my research on the District of Zahle in Lebanon, I examine the extent to which respondents are united in response to the four shocks and how that affects their sectarian, political, and other demographic identities.
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