Date of Submission

Summer 7-22-2019

Degree Type

Dissertation

Degree Name

Doctor of Philosophy in International Conflict Management (Ph.D. INCM)

Chair/Co-chair

Dr. Sherrill Hayes

Co-chair/Committee Member

Dr. Darina Lepadatu

Committee Member

Dr. Brian Polkinghorn

Abstract

This dissertation addresses how the implementation and use of reparation mechanisms affects the satisfaction of child soldier and sexual violence victims of the International Criminal Court (ICC), the world’s court. The existing literature is lacking regarding measuring the level of satisfaction of victims that have received reparations from the International Court, especially from a legal positivist approach. The researcher collected data through 42 total semi-structured interviews. These interviews were conducted with victims that have received individual and collective reparations, and victims that have not received reparations, all from the International Criminal Court’s Trust Fund for Victims. Other interviews were conducted with International Criminal Court Registered Experts, the International Criminal Court Research Team, and international law experts. Furthermore, a content analysis of 325 sources including all possible ICC press releases, videos and transcripts, case files, and existing interviews with victims was conducted in this study. The researcher found that victim participants have low satisfaction of reparations based on the judgment of the Trial Chamber, but these participants will have higher satisfaction when individual reparations are awarded in comparison to collective reparations. The significance of this study is so structures, such as the International Criminal Court and its stakeholders can assess the progress made by this institution in terms of the effectiveness and quality of its work regarding reparations.

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