Immigration Scholarship: History, Trends and Development in Global Immigration

Evaluating Immigration Policy Changes After 9/11

Evaluating Immigration Policy Changes After 9/11


Link to Full Text

Download Full Text

Date of Submission

May 2022


Spring 2022



Professor Name

Dr. Sabnam Ghosh

Publication Date

Spring 5-2022


Immigration laws and policies change constantly, but since 9/11, these laws have been modified in specific ways to keep certain people out. The terrorist attacks of September 11th exposed serious weaknesses in the United States' immigration and visa systems. Since this event happened when the U.S was in negotiation with Mexico about bilateral migration, the agreement collapsed almost immediately. Bilateral migration agreements are frameworks for collaboration between origin and destination countries to ensure that host countries will protect migrants from unethical employers, provide them with public services, and make it easier for remittance to be returned. Policies like this have strengthened, making life more safe and comfortable for immigrant families. This study aims to analyze how U.S Immigration laws have developed since 9/11 and how their development further impacts families crossing the American-Mexican border. The immigration policy change is best expressed through the Netflix series, “Immigration Nation”, where it shows the firsthand experience of not only the immigrants but also employees of ICE. Reviewing each episode brought insight into the new revisions to the immigration laws through two opposite sides. From the side of the immigrant families who have struggled with former President Trump’s policy to remove all immigration violators, to the side of ICE that was now containing a higher influx of people than ever imagined.


Policy changes, Bush, Obama, Trump, immigrants, ethics




Legal Studies

Evaluating Immigration Policy Changes After 9/11