Immigration Scholarship: History, Trends and Development in Global Immigration
This collection contains repositories of annotated bibliographies, research proposals and projects connected to these exploratory work on immigration laws, narratives, justice system, ethics, demographics, culture, identity, diaspora, etc. Drawing mostly from student work in writing courses, the journal intends to display both exploratory as well as researched projects on global historical and current issues on immigration controversies, trends and development.
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Header photo by Matteo Paganelli; Unsplash
Post-Soviet Russian Aggression: An Analysis of Russian Conflicts, Invasions and Humanitarian Crisis
This project discusses Russian events in recent years especially highlighting the invasion of Ukraine in February of 2022, Russian Policy on Immigration, Foreign relations, its view of its place in the world and how previous acts of aggression in Ukraine will compare to the current invasion. We can see the UN swiftly responding to the current Ukraine crisis with one million refugees already in the care of neighboring UN countries. UN/NATO Response has also delivered humanitarian aid and weapons to the citizens of Ukraine currently stuck within the country. We can see that Russia’s actions have little regard for civilian life,and have either directly or indirectly caused millions of people to be displaced or forced to flee their homes. And finally, how Russian propaganda has influenced some of its citizens to believe the Ukrainians desire Russian support and how often they’ve justified invasions and hostile military operations as “peacekeeping missions”. These events share similar behaviors with that of the former USSR and do not seem to be slowing down anytime soon.
Lgbqt Immigrants Coming to the United States: The Problems They Face
Nya Brewster and John Holman
This reading focuses on research specific to Crime Rates against the LQBTQ+ immigrant community in South American Countries during the 2000’s era to current times. It illustrates the difficulties asylum seekers face in the United States while also discussing crimes that happen to immigrants of different sexualities and gender orientations. This emerging topic of gender and sexuality of immigrants will pertain to societal as well as political factors. Typically in rural and communist countries, the government outlaws the LGBTQ community and has the strictest consequences for individuals who are a part of that community . Living with consequences of that statute is dangerous for them because it leads to homocide, suicide, violence, discrimination, ect. Immigration and fleeing for asylum is often how they cope and find safety with their sexuality.
The Covid-19 Pandemic and its Effects on Asian Hate and Otherness
Caroline Bridgers, Parisa Torabi, Isabella Guenther, and Andrea Wiley
In recent years Asian immigrants have received an increased amount of hate and an increase in cultural appropriation. Since the pandemic there has been a rise in hate crimes targeting Asian Americans causing them to be fearful of things that may happen to them when they leave their homes. Former President Trump’s association of Asians with the Corona Virus has led to feelings of otherness towards the Asian community. It has also become more apparent that Asian culture is being appropriated. This research explores the religious following of Buddhism and how although it has been another way Asians have been othered for years, it is now used as a mainstream aesthetic. Asian immigrants are facing many prejudices and hate crimes based on stereotypes of their cultures and countries of origins yet are actively having their culture appropriated. This research will explore these main questions: How has there been a change in Asian hate since the start of the pandemic? How has cultural appropriation affected Asian otherness? There are many diverse sources including articles, podcasts, academic journals, etc. that dig into these topics to answer the previous questions in depth.
Islamophobia Post-9/11 and its Effects on Afghan Refugees
Lisa Echavarria, Kristen Royster, Emma Williams, and Tyreese Spencer
The topic that will be researched is as said; the ramifications of post-9/11 Islamophobia and its effects on Afghan refugees, as well as its global negative consequences due to the rise of radicals in the Islamic state. Since the events in 2001, there has been a clear change in how people view Islamic and Middle Eastern people. A deeper investigation is sought out and is studying Islamophobia, and how it has rapidly spread since the 9/11 attacks. One focused area of this study is to analyze how refugees from Afghanistan and neighboring countries have been treated inhumanely and unethically. Another is to identify why, twenty years after the terrorist attacks, Islamophobia is still present in many countries today. The research is leaning toward the interpretive methodology group. It is also being conducted using the KSU library and other well-known sources with credible authors and publishers. It is hypothesized that the 9/11 attacks were the primary source of Islamophobia in the last two decades, not just in the United States, but throughout the entire world.
9/11’s Impact on American Muslims
Discrimination is sadly a worldwide problem towards anyone regardless of ethnicity and color but in different parts of the world, the severity of racism may vary. In the United States, pivotal events, such as 9/11, caused a permanent change in how the American public views Muslims. The day the Twin Towers were bombed impacted the lives of Muslims by causing them vast discrimination through stereotypes, violence, and a transformed worldview. Would Muslim individuals still be treated the same as present day time in the event that huge historical events such as 9/11 had not occurred? With the use of professional articles, a connection can be made concerning the matter of increased discrimination against Muslims in the U.S after 9/11.
LATINO IMMIGRANTS AND THE CRIMINAL JUSTICE SYSTEM
Derrick Gonzalez, Anita Nweke, and Akira Phillips
It is a commonly known fact that immigrants face discrimination and prejudice in the US, and as immigration rates to the country rise, so do the attitudes against these communities. This research topic involves delving into cases of immigrants and how their position affected their outcome in the criminal justice system. These cases will assist in understanding the need for reformation in the criminal justice system. The research will cover both the last two presidencies. This is to analyze how public and political perspectives change and influence this issue. There is a negative connotation related to being an immigrant in the judicial system and this connotation tends to lead to worse punishments and court decisions. The secondary argument is an untruthful and unjust fear of immigrants specifically from South America. The fear of losing jobs and rising crimes is a false narrative. The provided cases and legal analysis will assist in highlighting injustices and hypocrisies.
The Migrant Crisis at the U.S. Southern Border
Matthew Ingber, Conner Muth, and Nathanael Hall
The immigration policy of The United States of America is a divisive topic within American society. There is no doubt that this policy needs reform. This paper will investigate the ways in which The U.S. immigration policy at the Southern border negatively impacts those seeking asylum and will conclude with suggested policy changes that would potentially have the greatest positive impact on these individuals. Ever since 2016 media outlets have declared war on people crossing the southern border illegally. Media giants such as Fox News have repeatedly grouped those individuals within the same constructs as rapists, gang members, drug smugglers, and human traffickers. The ratings regarding Fox news have risen since 2016, and now it has become the number one media outlet in America. The News influences public perception which in turn puts pressure on politicians to create a policy to mitigate the concerns of US citizens. Similarly, politicians have used fearmongering to impact policy that negatively affects those attempting to seek asylum at the US southern border. Both President Trump and President Barack Obama are quoted as referring to those entering the country illegally at the Southern border as criminals. When a powerful public figure groups people into derogatory categories, such as “criminal”, this creates an irrational response by the supportive political base. Historically fear-mongering is very effective in changing societal perception, unjustifiably, which again, pressures politicians to create a policy to mitigate those concerns. This paper’s justification for these claims will come from the review of scholarly journals, media reports, Presidential press conferences, and popular sources. After interviewing subject matter experts on immigration with two predetermined questions, “How does current U.S. immigration policy negatively affect those seeking asylum at the southern border” and “What changes to current policy could positively impact the majority of those seeking asylum”, this paper will suggest specific changes to policy with the intention of creating the greatest positive impact for those seeking asylum at the U.S. southern border. This paper proposes that strong and effective bipartisan immigration policies are necessary to preserve the rights of those who are genuinely seeking asylum in the United States. The perception of American society upon those seeking asylum within the United States needs progressive change. The leaders of the most powerful nation in the world must work to create immigration reform that allows those genuinely seeking asylum in The United States to receive refuge within this great country. The time is now, and change must happen.
Research Paper on Border Security
The Rise of Asian American Discrimination During the COVID 19 Pandemic
Kelsey June Ramstad, Monifah Erykah Darsaw, William Wesley Phillips, and Joshua Natkin
Since the start of the pandemic, there has been an increase in discrimination and prejudice against the cultures and identities of Asian Americans. The United States has a long history of discrimination against Asian American immigrants predating the Civil War, from People vs. Hall to the Chinese Exclusion Act of 1882. The modern-day effects have even spread to social media, as shown in an article consisting of a group study of 274 Americans. This paper seeks to uncover the causes and effects of the rise in discrimination against Asian Americans that affects their culture, identity, and diaspora. The paper also hypothesizes that this spike in discrimination has affected Asian Americans in every aspect of life. When researching this topic, historical trends of discrimination against Asian Americans provided a useful base to compare the current evens. The research consisted of scholarly sources and popular sources, with all being split up into three different subtopics. This was achieved by using the Kennesaw State University library for scholarly sources and google for popular sources. The wide range of sources used allowed for many different perspectives and viewpoints to be taken into consideration when making the hypothesis.
Immigration in regard to Economic Labor and Reform
Will Ross, Maryella McCown, and Dylan Stone
In the last two presidencies, the United States economy has gone through much development regarding immigration and labor. Many key factors of growth in the economy can be identified pertaining to immigration, such as job fulfillment, innovations, and more productivity. Immigrants arrive in the United States with impressive skills that are needed for many occupations. They also run many of their own businesses and provide food and hospitality services for everyone. A common question that many US citizens wonder is “How do immigrants advantage the United States economy?” By bringing in new skills and ideas that had not been discovered by United States citizens, the United States is provided with the vast majority of their business owners, entrepreneurs, and skilled workers. This research project will respond to the recent effects on America’s economy due to immigration their labor experiences by exploring academic journals, videos, statistical data, news articles, and personal interviews. Different studies have shown the dangers of potential long-effects that can arise from the absence of assistance with these occupancies. Currently, the United States is in great need of labor assistance which immigrants provide an abundance of help in. Due to Covid-19, the economy and job market have drastically changed. Job shortages are increasing, and immigrants strive to take these positions and provide America with efficiency. Unfortunately, it is quite a difficult process for immigrants to find a well-waged job position, as they go through many risks to provide for themselves and/or their family, and prevent them from poverty or violence. So, it is necessary that immigrants are able to find opportunities to have a chance at a more successful and safer life. To sum it up, the United States economy has had several effects from immigration and the labor that it encourages, and this project will explore the factors of these topics.
Immigration Policy Over the Past Century
Tyler Sanderson, Ayesha Khan, and Cambria Ney
In the present day, immigration is a supremely controversial topic and the source of much political debate. However, this is not a recent phenomenon. The question of how to handle immigration in the US has remained an ever changing issue since before the foundation of the country and immigration policy has gone through many changes since then. The purpose of this paper will be to explore the different policies that arose from 1900- present day and how they impacted immigraton. In the early 1900s, xenophobia was strong especially due to the world war. Changes like the 1924 immigration Act made for stricter immigration laws which limited the number of immigrants who could come in. Later, during the 1960s, immigration laws became less strict. Although programs like the Bracero program were still harmful to immigrants, the 1965 immigration Act created many positive changes regarding the immigration process. Unfortunately, this progress was halted after 9/11 brought new legislation which was used to discriminate against immigrants. As time goes on, immigration law continues to improve. We suspect that by examining primary sources from each time period, we will be able to prove that while immigration policies still have room for improvement and that today, overall, US immigrartion policies have become more lenient and allow for more opportunities of success than in previous eras.
How does trauma experienced during immigration affect mental health?
Taliyah Sims and Daeja Hinton
The research topic being explored focuses on hardships that immigrants face before, during, and after migrating into the US. Over the years immigration has changed in many ways, for better and for worse. Immigration has become such a difficult and tedious process, which can absolutely take a toll on the mental health of the people who just want to move and start better lives. Violence and crimes also play a major role in why people are looking to flee from their home countries in the first place. Moreover, the research will provide a closer look into the violence and crimes that immigrants are faced with, while also exploring how these things can be traumatizing and cause a lot of emotional damage.
Evaluating Immigration Policy Changes After 9/11
Edwin Trejo-Rivera and Yama Bobb
Immigration laws and policies change constantly, but since 9/11, these laws have been modified in specific ways to keep certain people out. The terrorist attacks of September 11th exposed serious weaknesses in the United States' immigration and visa systems. Since this event happened when the U.S was in negotiation with Mexico about bilateral migration, the agreement collapsed almost immediately. Bilateral migration agreements are frameworks for collaboration between origin and destination countries to ensure that host countries will protect migrants from unethical employers, provide them with public services, and make it easier for remittance to be returned. Policies like this have strengthened, making life more safe and comfortable for immigrant families. This study aims to analyze how U.S Immigration laws have developed since 9/11 and how their development further impacts families crossing the American-Mexican border. The immigration policy change is best expressed through the Netflix series, “Immigration Nation”, where it shows the firsthand experience of not only the immigrants but also employees of ICE. Reviewing each episode brought insight into the new revisions to the immigration laws through two opposite sides. From the side of the immigrant families who have struggled with former President Trump’s policy to remove all immigration violators, to the side of ICE that was now containing a higher influx of people than ever imagined.
Othering in Immigration Laws
Andrea Wright, Quenten Jackson, and Cesar Raymundo
The ethical wrongs in immigration laws severely impact what it means to be an immigrant American citizen. The Hispanic and Latino groups experience “citizenship” in the United States in a way that portrays them as uneducated and poor criminals, and this paper seeks to understand the reasoning behind this unfair reputation. In order to answer questions of ethics and law, this paper begins with studying the root of othering, regarding immigration in the United States. This research paper investigates the evolution of race-based exclusion laws in immigration and focuses on the relationship between these exclusion laws and race hierarchy in the US, using events and laws in the Trump era and the idea of flawed citizenship, which leads to the classification of “others” for Latinos and Hispanics. Throughout the history of the US, Hispanics and Latino are blamed for economic instability and threats of national security, yet this is unfair reasoning because it greatly impacts the unethical and flawed citizenship immigrants are forced to live with. The hardships, reputations, and flawed citizenship for Latinos and Hispanics root from the practice of unethical habits and lack of respect for their human rights, which is evident throughout the history of immigration laws and during the Trump era.