Self-Management Perceptions and Practices: A Structural Equations Analysis
Management and Entrepreneurship
This article presents results of structural equations modeling of measures of self-management anchored in a revised version of the Brief and Aldag model of the self in organizational behavior. While individuals in organizations are regularly taught how to manage subordinates, groups and even organizations, they rarely receive instruction on how to manage themselves. Such a situation is perhaps surprising in view of the fact that self-management strategies have proven to be successful in laboratory and non-organizational settings. Self-management represents a generalizable constellation of perceptions and practices and is a continually-available option for the employee. Practitioners of self-management techniques proactively monitor their environments for opportunities to improve their effectiveness and subsequent career success. As a result, sell-reinforced behavior is often maintained more effectively than if it had been externally regulated. Certain organizational characteristics such as cultural norms, centralized control processes, and formal evaluation⁄reward systems can foster the development of unique personal effectiveness strategies or practices.
Journal of Organizational Behavior
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