Permutationally invariant polynomial representation of polarizability tensor surfaces for linear regression analysis

Oluwaseun Omodemi, Kennesaw State University
Martina Kaledin, Kennesaw State University
Alexey L. Kaledin, Emory University


A linearly parameterized functional form for a Cartesian representation of molecular dipole polarizability tensor surfaces (PTS) is described. The proposed expression for the PTS is a linearization of the recently reported power series ansatz of the original Applequist model, which by construction is non-linear in parameter space. This new approach possesses (i) a unique solution to the least-squares fitting problem; (ii) a low level of the computational complexity of the resulting linear regression procedure, comparable to those of the potential energy and dipole moment surfaces; and (iii) a competitive level of accuracy compared to the non-linear PTS model. Calculations of CH4 PTS, with polarizabilities fitted to 9000 training set points with the energies up to 14,000 cm−1 show an impressive level of accuracy of the linear PTS model obtained with ~1600 parameters: ~1% versus 0.3% RMSE for the non-linear vs. linear model on a test set of 1000 configurations.