Transmit and Reflect Beamforming for Max-Min SINR in IRS-Aided MIMO Vehicular Networks

Muhammad Wasif Shabir, Universite Paris-Saclay
Tu N. Nguyen, Kennesaw State University
Jawad Mirza, COMSATS University Islamabad
Bakhtiar Ali, COMSATS University Islamabad


6G vehicular networks will require massive connectivity among vehicles and Road Side Units (RSUs) to enable number of safety and non-safety applications. Intelligent Reflecting Surface (IRS) will be a vital part of 6G vehicular networks, providing features such as enhanced line of sight communication, extended coverage range and high data rate transmission. In this paper, we consider a multiple IRSs assisted multi-vehicle Multiple-Input Multiple-Output (MIMO) communication system and optimize the transmit beamforming vectors at the transmitter and reflect beamforming (phase shifts) at each IRS to achieve max-min Quality of Service (QoS) in the form of weighted Signal-to-Interference-Plus-Noise Ratio (SINR). In particular, we divide the optimization problem into two Semidefinite Relaxation (SDR) sub-problems and solve them iteratively using the alternate optimization technique. Simulation results show that the proposed technique significantly increases the sum-rate and SINR of the vehicular network.