Toward Smart Traffic Management With 3D Placement Optimization in UAV-Assisted NOMA IIoT Networks

Abuzar B.M. Adam, Chongqing University of Posts and Telecommunications
Mohammed Saleh Ali Muthanna, Southern Federal University
Ammar Muthanna, RUDN University
Tu N. Nguyen, Kennesaw State University


Next generation networks will involve huge number of industrial internet of things (IIoT) sensors which require reliable connectivity with low latency to manage the data transmission and processing. The design of these networks entails a lot of challenges. This article describes the 3D placement of multiple unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs) in an IIoT network that supports non-orthogonal multiple access (NOMA). UAVs act as decode and forward (DF) relays. The 3D UAV placement problem is formulated which is highly non-convex in the coordinates. Therefore, we employ an improved adaptive whale optimization algorithm (IAWOA) to handle the problem. Even with its improved performance, IAWOA is not suitable for real-time application. Hence, we propose path aggregation network (PANet) to handle the 3D UAV placement. The simulation results show that PANet is more suitable for the online-learning.