Classroom Motivation Strategies for Prospective Teachers
Secondary and Middle Grades Education
National surveys indicate that student motivation is a principal concern of teachers, yet few publications within the teacher education literature directly address how teachers can best apply established motivational principles. Pivotal to mobilizing student motivation is understanding the role of rewards in sustaining productive task engagement. This article examines the difference between intrinsic and extrinsic motivation for academic learning, the relative value of intrinsic and extrinsic motivation, the effects of extrinsic rewards on intrinsic motivation, the potential compatibility of cognitive and behavioral perspectives of student motivation, and research-based recommendations for promoting classroom motivation.
The Teacher Educator
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)
Williams, R. L., & Stockdale, S. L. (2004). Classroom motivation strategies for prospective teachers. The Teacher Educator, 39(3), 212-230.