Blueprint for Incorporating Service Learning: A Basic, Developmental, K-12 Service Learning Typology
Secondary and Middle Grades Education
: Citing the need for a basic, K-12 developmental framework for service learning, this article describes such a model. This model, an inclusive typology of sendee learning, distinguishes three levels of service learning: Community Service, Community Exploration, and Community Action. The authors correlate this typology to Piaget's cognitive developmental stages tying in Bradley's three-factor Criteria for Assessing Levels of Reflection. Two types of service, direct and indirect, are explained. Implications for education, research, and the community are discussed.
Journal of Experiential Education
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)
Terry, A. W., & Bohnenberger, J. E. (2004). Blueprint for incorporating service learning: A basic, developmental, k-12 service learning typology. Journal of Experiential Education, 27(1), 15-31.