An Adaptive Element-Level Impedance-Matched ASIC With Improved Acoustic Reflectivity for Medical Ultrasound Imaging


Electrical and Computer Engineering

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This paper presents an active impedance matching scheme that tries to optimize electrical power transfer and acoustic reflectivity in ultrasound transducers. Leveraging negative capacitance-based impedance matching would potentially improve the bandwidth and electrical power transfer while minimizing acoustic reflection of transducer elements and improve uniformity while reducing acoustic crosstalk of transducer arrays. A 16-element transceiver front-end is designed which employs an element-level active capacitive impedance cancellation scheme using an element-level negative impedance converter. The ASIC fabricated in 180-nm HVBCD technology provides high-voltage pulses up to 60 V consuming 3.6 mW and occupying 2.5 mm2. The front-end ASIC is used with a 1-D capacitive micromachined ultrasonic transducer (CMUT) array and its acoustical reflectivity reduction and imaging capabilities have successfully been demonstrated through pulse-echo measurements and acoustic imaging experiments.

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IEEE Transactions on Biomedical Circuits and Systems

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