Why did the Indian economy stagnate under the colonial rule?

Document Type


Publication Date

January 2013


How did the Indian economy fare under the colonial rule? Is the average Indian significantly better off after Independence? This column examines trends in GDP per capita in order to determine the standard of living in India under the British rule. It also explores the possible causes of stagnation in the Indian economy for about two centuries between 1750 and independence.

Journal Title

Ideas for India