Risk and protective factors predicting prescription drug misuse in a sample of Puerto Rican students
The present study was directed at examining a model of risk, and protective factors for prescription drug misuse in a representative sample of 8,079 students enrolled in 130 randomly selected middle and high schools in Puerto Rico. Based on the available empirical literature that was examined, depressed mood, availability of illegal drugs, sensation-seeking behavior, social learning, peer's drug use as risk factors, and positive outlook of the future as protective factors for prescription drug misuse youths. The Puerto Rico Survey of Youth Risk Behaviors Questionnaire (SYRB-PR) was administered to all participants, and all the experimental measures of the risk and protective factors were obtained from this instrument. The results show that the best predictors of drug misuse among Puerto Rican students were those related to the social learning at their homes, followed by sensation seeking, peer use of drugs, accessibility of drugs, and depressed mood. A positive outlook of the future was not a significant predictor of less prescription drug misuse. These results can serve as explorative and provide recommendations for future research on prescription drug misuse among Hispanics and possibly all youths in the U.S.
Journal of addictive diseases
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