Attosecond Intramolecular Scattering and Vibronic Delays
We study the temporal and vibrational signature of the universal nuclear recoil associated with the electron emission and intramolecular scattering that accompanies the photoelectric effect. We illustrate these phenomena in the photoionization of the CO molecule from the C-1s orbital using an analytical model that reproduces the entangled character of the nuclear and electronic motion in this process. We show that the photoelectron emission delay can be decomposed into its localization and resonant-confinement components. Photoionization by a broadband x-ray pulse results in a coherent vibrational ionic state delayed compared to the classical sudden-photoemission limit.
Physical review letters
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