Comparing the outcomes of the different teaching modes: All-in-person, hybrid, and online, for different student demographic groups in a business school

Douglas R. Moodie, Kennesaw State University


The concept of hybrid mode education is spreading. Little research compares hybrid teaching modes to online and all in person (AIP) teaching modes. Nearly all this research assumes that there is no difference in the students entering AIP, hybrid, or online sections of a course. This study used data from four years of all the courses in the Coles College of Business at Kennesaw State University. The data set, which included individual student and course section outcomes, included full student demographics and the student’s university GPA at the start of the course. The results showed that for all demographics, students in hybrid course sections earned higher final course grades than those in online sections, which in turn, earned better final grades than those in AIP sections.