Smart Sleep Monitoring System via Passively Sensing Human Vibration Signals
In this paper, a bed-mounted vibration sensor-based system is proposed to monitor vital parameters during sleep, including heartbeat rate (HR) and respiratory rate (RR), body movements and sleep postures. Our system enables smart healthcare that monitors daily sleep in a ubiquitous and non-invasive manner. Besides, the system is contact-free, as no external wearable devices and physical contacts are required. Furthermore, the vibration-based approach also avoids the privacy violation caused by the usage of surveillance cameras. To effectively monitor sleep status, a robust stable signal mode decomposition based HR and RR estimation method is developed for the complicated and noisy vibration signals. Besides, algorithms for body movement and sleep posture identification are also proposed based on vibration signal features. A prototype system is demonstrated with system details, showing great potentials in monitoring sleep status in a real-time user-friendly manner. Experimental results of short term and long term experiments with different participants and beds show that our system achieves satisfying accuracy compared with dedicated commercial devices.
IEEE Sensors Journal
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