Relationships Between Sprinting, Broad Jump, and Vertical Jump Kinetics Are Limited in Elite, Collegiate Football Athletes
Exercise Science and Sport Management
Boone, JB, VanDusseldorp, TA, Feito, Y, and Mangine, GT. Relationships between sprinting, broad jump, and vertical jump kinetics are limited in elite, collegiate football athletes. J Strength Cond Res 35(5): 1306-1316, 2021-To evaluate the relationships and agreement in kinetics measured during a 10-yd sprint, a standing broad jump (SBJ), and a vertical jump (VJ), 73 collegiate football players (22.3 ± 0.8 years, 188 ± 7 cm, 113 ± 23 kg) volunteered for this cross-sectional study over a 3-year period. At the beginning of each athlete's off-season training phase and after a standard warm-up, each athlete completed 2-3 maximal trials of each test while tethered to a robotic, cable-resistance device (10-yd sprint and SBJ) or a linear position transducer (VJ alone). Force (N), velocity (m·s-1), and power (W) were measured during the first 2 steps, acceleration phase (units·step-1), and entire 10-yd sprint, and the entire SBJ and VJ. Spearman and partial correlations (controlling for stature) revealed small-to-moderate relationships (r = -0.30 to -0.34) between the second sprinting step and VJ force. Small negative relationships were also noted between sprinting and VJ force and power, but not when controlling for height. Agreement was determined by examining relationships between the differences in and averaged kinetics measured on each test. Trivial-to-small relationships (r < 0.29) were observed between sprinting (first step and 10-yd) and VJ velocity, and between VJ and SBJ velocity, although coefficient of variation (CV) ranged between 64 and 104%. All other relationships ranged from moderate-to-practically perfect with CVs exceeding 500%. Although some relationships exist between sprinting and jumping kinetics, their agreement is variable. These data suggest that coaches and athletes should not use one of these assessments in place of, or to predict performance in, the other assessments.
Journal of strength and conditioning research
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