Electrical and Computer Engineering
Linear FMCW radar suffers from impairments in range and range rate if there are errors in the modulation rate or phase discontinuities. Often, this is a result of a nonlinearity of the voltage-controlled oscillator that is in the source of the transmit and receive local oscillator. The nonlinearity can be corrected at the source by using a nonlinear control voltage or by processing the received beat frequency. Any signal processing using the later method leads to computation time and energy costs, which can be considerable in some applications. When the range migration algorithm using the Stolt Transform is used for Synthetic Aperture Radar (SAR) image processing, the autofocus linearization technique described here costs nothing in additional hardware or computation time.
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