Lattice-based cryptosystems for the security of resource-constrained IoT devices in post-quantum world: a survey

Kübra Seyhan, Ondokuz Mayis Üniversitesi
Tu N. Nguyen, Kennesaw State University
Sedat Akleylek, Ondokuz Mayis Üniversitesi
Korhan Cengiz, Trakya Üniversitesi


The concept of the Internet of Things (IoT) arises due to the change in the characteristics and numbers of smart devices. Communication of things makes it important to ensure security in this interactive architecture. One of the developments that are subject to change in IoT environments is post-quantum cryptography. This evolution, which includes the change of asymmetric cryptosystems, affects the security of IoT devices. In this paper, fundamental characteristics and layered architecture of IoT environments are examined. Basic security requirements and solution technologies for IoT architecture are remembered. Some important open problems in the literature for IoT device security are recalled. From these open problems, the post-quantum security of IoT devices with limited resources is focused. The main purpose of this paper is to improve the constrained resource classification and give a point of view for post-quantum IoT security. In this context, a sensitive classification is proposed by improving the limited resource classification of IETF. The cryptosystem efficiency definition is made for the analysis of resource-constrained device security. Using the proposed classification and efficiency definition, the usage of lattice-based cryptosystems in resource-constrained IoT device security is analyzed.