Discovering the DNA-Binding Consensus of the HB8 Transcriptional Regulator TTHA1359
Chemistry and Biochemistry
Transcription regulatory proteins, also known as transcription factors, function as molecular switches modulating the first step in gene expression, transcription initiation. Cyclic-AMP receptor proteins (CRPs) and fumarate and nitrate reduction regulators (FNRs) compose the CRP/FNR superfamily of transcription factors, regulating gene expression in response to a spectrum of stimuli. In the present work, a reverse-genetic methodology was applied to the study of TTHA1359, one of four CRP/FNR superfamily transcription factors in the model organism HB8. Restriction Endonuclease Protection, Selection, and Amplification (REPSA) followed by next-generation sequencing techniques and bioinformatic motif discovery allowed identification of a DNA-binding consensus for TTHA1359, 5'-AWTGTRA(N)TYACAWT-3', which TTHA1359 binds to with high affinity. By bioinformatically mapping the consensus to the HB8 genome, several potential regulatory TTHA1359-binding sites were identified and validated in vitro. The findings contribute to the knowledge of TTHA1359 regulatory activity within HB8 and demonstrate the effectiveness of a reverse-genetic methodology in the study of putative transcription factors.
International journal of molecular sciences
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)