Understanding Beliefs, Intention, and Behavior on Daily PrEP Uptake Among MSM in California and New York
School of Communication and Media
Pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP) is an effective daily prevention medicine to reduce the risks of HIV infections. Even though the number of PrEP users has been rapidly growing in the United States since 2012, only approximately 5% of the men who have sex with men (MSM) population is currently taking PrEP. This study examined PrEP uptake among MSM using the integrative model of behavioral prediction (IMBP) as the theoretical framework. The authors conducted formative elicitation interviews and a cross-sectional survey with MSM. Among the survey respondents, half of them were PrEP takers and half were not. The path modeling results showed that attitudes and norms predicted behavioral intention, and intention predicted PrEP uptake among MSM. The results also identified the strongest attitudinal predictors and normative referents of PrEP uptake. The study offers practical implications in helping professionals and scholars to understand PrEP uptake among MSM in a theoretically grounded way.
AIDS Education and Prevention
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)