Financial Statement Footnote Readability and Corporate Audit Outcomes
School of Accountancy
We examine whether the readability of financial statement footnotes in the annual report is informative about audit engagement risk. Using various readability measures, we predict and find that firms with less readable footnotes have longer audit report lag, incur higher audit fees, and are more likely to receive a first time modified going concern opinion. We also show that readability of footnotes is associated with a higher likelihood of financial misstatements and future accounting-related litigation. Our results are robust to several measures of readability used in prior literature, as well as different specifications and design choices, revealing that financial statement footnote readability provides incremental information about audit engagement risk that affects auditor-client contracting.
AUDITING: A Journal of Practice & Theory
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)
Abernathy, John L.; Guo, Feng; Kubick, Thomas R.; and Masli, Adi, "Financial Statement Footnote Readability and Corporate Audit Outcomes" (2019). Faculty Publications. 4502.