Title

Muslim Youth Unemployment and Expat Jihadism: Bored to Death?."

Department

School of Conflict Management, Peacebuilding and Development

Additional Department

Economics, Finance and Quantitative Analysis

Document Type

Article

Publication Date

2018

Embargo Period

12-4-2018

Abstract

Empirical studies analyzing the push factors of expat jihadism are scarce and typically give contradictory results. We hypothesize that youth unemployment, as opposed to overall unemployment, is a significant determinant of foreign fighters flow to join the Islamic State. Moreover, we also consider the interaction between youth unemployment and the Muslim population share as another meaningful variables affecting expat jihadism. Controlling for several variables including gross domestic product per capita; Gini; geographical proximity; the share of manufactures and services as a percentage of Gross Domestic Product; Polity score; and fractionalization, we provide strong evidence for the hypothesis that Muslim youth unemployment is a driver of expat jihadism not only for Muslim-majority countries, but globally.

Journal

Studies in Conflict & Terrorism

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

https://doi.org/10.1080/1057610X.2018.1431316

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