Microextraction, Capillary Electrophoresis, and Mass Spectrometry for Forensic Analysis of Azo and Methine Basic Dyes from Acrylic Fibers
Chemistry and Biochemistry
Designed experiments based on a simplex mixture design were employed to explore the effects of three solvent components (water, formic acid, and aqueous acetic acid), extraction time, and extraction temperature for the automated microextraction of basic (cationic) dyes from acrylic fibers. Extractions were conducted by an automated liquid handling system, and dye extraction was evaluated using a UV/visible microplate reader. Highest extraction efficiency for two subclasses of basic dyes (methine and azo) from acrylic fibers was achieved with an extraction solvent containing 88% formic acid/12% water. Cationic dyes were analyzed by capillary electrophoresis using a 45 mM ammonium acetate buffer in acetonitrile–water at pH4.7. The utility of microextraction combined with capillary electrophoresis–mass spectrometry for analysis of extracts from trace fibers was demonstrated by the detection and characterization of three basic dyes extracted from a 2-mm length of single acrylic fiber
Analytical and Bioanalytical Chemistry
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)
Stefan, Amy R.; Dockery, Christopher R.; Baguley, Brittany M.; and Vann, Brandi C., "Microextraction, Capillary Electrophoresis, and Mass Spectrometry for Forensic Analysis of Azo and Methine Basic Dyes from Acrylic Fibers" (2009). Faculty Publications. 3704.