A Preliminary Laboratory Investigarion of PCB Flux from Dredge Resuspensions and Residuals
Civil and Construction Engineering
A preliminary laboratory investigation was conducted to understand the relative contributions of major dredge resuspension and residual processes on the releases of polychlorinated biphenyl (PCB) contaminants from sediments to water column. Sediments from New Bedford Harbor were used as test samples. Six sets of experiments were run for simulated resuspension and residual scenarios. During the experiments, water above the sediments was recirculated by peristaltic pumping or orbital shaking and the levels of two PCBs, Aroclor 1248 (PCB-1248) and Aroclor 1254 (PCB-1254), were monitored for 15 days. Analysis of the model predicted data indicated that resulting water column PCB concentrations differed with sediment surface, residual, and resuspension type. Highest PCB water column concentrations were observed for a condition which used a settled fluff from thin sediment slurry as a residual source and the column water was recirculated by orbital shaking. Lowest water column PCB levels were observed for a thick sediment deposit placed over clean sand. The PCB levels in the water column for all six simulated conditions were several orders higher than the USEPA ambient water quality criteria concentrations for aquatic environment and human consumption.
Soil and Sediment Contamination: An International Journal
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)