Rolling Beyond Raves: Ecstasy Use Outside the Rave Setting
Sociology and Criminal Justice
In this paper, we explore settings of ecstasy use other than those that are part of the rave scene. Little is known about its use in other settings. Data from young adult (18-25 years old) active ecstasy users were collected using surveys (N = 158) and qualitative in-depth interviews (N = 66). Recruitment involved targeted and theoretical sampling. Data analysis was guided by the constant comparison method, common in grounded theory. Our findings indicate that ecstasy use has extended to social settings beyond raves, including dance/music venues, bars in inner-city neighborhoods, neighborhood cruising sites, and private residences. Users may attend multiple settings, and it is common for use practices to be transmitted across settings. An understanding of emerging social settings of ecstasy use and the associated use patterns provides baseline information for the development of effective and appropriate prevention and intervention programs, including drug treatment, as well as for policy makers.
Journal of Drug Issues
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)
Boeri, M., Sterk, C., & Elifson, K. (2004). Rolling beyond raves: Ecstasy use outside the rave setting. Journal of Drug Issues, 34(4), 831-859.