Title

Fear, Greed, or Garage Sale? The Analysis of Military Expenditure in East Asia

Department

Social Work and Human Services

Document Type

Article

Publication Date

1997

Abstract

This paper examines the determinants of military expenditures in eight East Asian countries from 1983 to 1993. In a pooled cross-sectional time-series analysis, it finds that the security threats (either external or internal) have not been a factor in determining the governments' defense burdens. Instead, economic and bureaucratic budgetary factors are better predictors of their defense decision-making. Military corruption and subsidized defense industries are the main domestic elements driving up the budgets; but this bureaucratic 'irrationality' is checked and balanced by economic rationality, for the defense burdens generally correlate with the availability of economic resources.

Journal

The Pacific Review

Journal ISSN

0951-2748

Volume

10

Issue

2

First Page

274

Last Page

288

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

10.1080/09512749708719221

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