Distinctiveness of Three Work Attitudes: Job Involvement, Organizational Commitment, and Career Salience

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nvestigated relationships among job involvement, career salience, and organizational commitment by examining (1) the empirical relationships among these work attitudes (WAs) and (2) the patterns of correlations between each of the 3 WAs and a set of demographic and job characteristics variables within the same sample. Ss were 449 city employees who completed a survey containing measures of the 3 work commitment attitudes, work values, and several job and demographic characteristics. Correlational and cluster analyses showed that career salience and organizational commitment were the most distinct WAs, whereas career salience and job involvement were the least distinct attitudes. Furthermore, work values were a strong antecedent of all 3 WAs. Results suggest that work commitment is both a global and a multifaceted construct.