The Artfully Inviting Teacher: A Hierarchy of Strategies
Defines the artfully inviting teacher as one who utilizes both personal and professional teaching strategies; thus, she/he is most successful at maximizing student development. The present paper offers a hierarchy of specific teaching strategies that encourages students to view themselves as capable, valuable, and self-directing. A distinction is made between personally and professionally inviting behaviors. Personally inviting behaviors send messages that communicate caring and positive regard. Professionally inviting behaviors increase the recipients' efficacy, competence, and independence.
Russell, D., Purkey, W., & Siegel, B. L. (1982). The artfully inviting teacher: A hierarchy of strategies. Education, 103(1), 35-38.