Attitudes Toward Antiretroviral Therapy Among African American Women

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Objective: To examine attitudes and beliefs of African American women of childbearing age, living with HIV, about pregnancy and antiretroviral therapy.

Methods: Focus groups were conducted using an exploratory design with a convenience sample of HIV-infected women in 2 southeastern cities.

Results: Thirty-three African American women of child-bearing age participated in 5 focus groups. Attitudes and beliefs about antiretroviral therapy were related to the women's willingness to comply with treatment.

Conclusion: The challenge for health care providers is to counter women's willingness to “play the odds“ of having a noninfected baby without taking antiretrovirals.

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