Teaching and Learning within and across Cultures: Educator Requirements across the United States

Document Type


Publication Date

Spring 2007


The article addresses the treatment of multicultural education in U.S. teacher education programs, as of 2007. The authors believe there is a need for state-level requirements for meaningful multicultural education for preservice teachers, and they present their study describing the development and implementation of such a requirement in Georgia. Their study investigates three major themes in teacher education present in the U.S. as of 2004: separate certification for multicultural education, multicultural education embedded in bilingual education, and fully embedded cross-cultural education. They explain their survey of teacher education programs in Georgia, they describe the state reforms that resulted from their research, and they present their recommendations for future reform.