Acid–Base Titration: Analysis of Phosphoric Acid Anodizing Solutions. A Problem-Based Learning Approach
Chemistry and Biochemistry
Phosphoric acid anodizing solutions are routinely titrated to monitor their concentrations; however, after successive anodizations of aluminum metal, increasing amounts of dissolved aluminum interfere with the neutralization titration. The true concentration of phosphoric acid is determined by a correction factor based on the concentration of the dissolved aluminum, which is determined industrially by flame atomic absorption spectrometry. The academic determination of a correction factor for aluminum as well as copper can be designed as a traditional or a problem-based learning exercise.
Koether MC and Munafo CR. 2002. Acid–Base titration: Analysis of phosphoric acid anodizing solutions. A problem-based learning approach. The Chemical Educator 7(4):211-3.