Title

Food for Thought: Social Versus Environmental Sustainability Practices and Performance Outcomes

Department

Management & Entrepreneurship

Document Type

Article

Publication Date

10-2009

Abstract

Sustainable supply management research generally focuses on environmental practices. We show through an analysis of the food industry that sustainability requires an expanded view to encompass both environmental and social elements. We interviewed and surveyed food and beverage producers in the U.S. Pacific Northwest to both validate expanded sustainability elements in the industry and assess subsequent performance outcomes. A path analysis reveals that food industry managers perceive both direct and mediated impacts of sustainability programs on performance. Specifically, the results indicate that sustainability program effects are limited to the impact of conservation and land management environmental practices on overall environmental performance and human resources practices on quality performance. However, environmental performance improvements lead to improved quality performance, which in turn improves cost performance. The results highlight the complexity of sustainability impacts on performance and suggest that performance benefits from sustainability programs may be difficult to recognize.

Journal

Journal of Supply Chain Management

Journal ISSN

1523-2409

Volume

45

Issue

4

First Page

38

Last Page

54

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

10.1111/j.1745-493X.2009.03175.x